Spider Veins – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention


Spider veins are not generally considered to be dangerous. But yes, the condition causes some discomfort and grows to be serious if left untreated for a prolonged time. Spider veins are also known as thread veins that can develop anywhere in the body. Mostly, spider veins are seen to affect legs and face. It is not just a cosmetic issue but a medical problem too.Spider veins look dark blue or purple in color, depending upon the severity of the condition. These veins have an appearance like that of a “spider web”, hence the name.Spider veins usually develop due to improper functioning of the weakened vein valves and walls. When the vein valves and walls are damaged, the blood flow towards the heart hinders. This blood then starts pooling in the veins and the veins become swollen.

Causes of spider veins

The causes of spider veins include:

  • Hormonal imbalance

  • Overweight/Obesity

  • Pregnancy

  • Family history

  • Injury to the skins

  • Frequent use of steroids

  • Too much consumption of alcohol

  • Standing or sitting for long hours

Signs and Symptoms of spider veins

  • Burning sensation and muscular cramps

  • Skin appearing discolored

  • Twisted and bulging veins

  • Bleeding

  • Heaviness in the legs

  • Swelling near the ankles and feet

Diagnosis of spider veins

The doctor first physically examines your legs and then suggests some tests to confirm spider veins and its seriousness. A Doppler Test is usually performed to track the blood flow in veins and how to go about the surgery if required. An ultrasound scan can also be suggested for the detailed inspection and to check for deep vein thrombosis.

Treatments of spider veins

Ayurveda medicines for spider veins

For improving spider veins, the following Ayurvedic medicines can be quite helpful:

  • Kaishore Guggulu

  • Sarivadyasava

  • Chirabilvadi Kashaya

  • Amalaki

  • Phalatrikadi Kashaya

  • Ashwagandha

Homeopathic Medicines for spider Veins

Homeopathy also offers a number of medicines effective in the condition of spider veins. Some of these medicines are listed below.

  • Hamamelis Virginiana

  • Pulsatilla Nigricans

  • Calcarea Fluor

  • Calcarea Carb

  • Apis Mellifica

Sclerotherapy for Spider Veins

Sclerotherapy is an effective procedure for the treatment of varicose veins in the legs. In sclerotherapy, the doctor injects a solution directly into the affected vein. The solution causes the vein to collapse and then eventually fade away. If performed correctly, sclerotherapy can produce great results.

Surgery for spider veins

When all the remedies and exercises fail to improve your condition of spider veins, then immediately consult your nearest doctor. Getting spider veins treated is necessary to prevent the disruption or irregularity in the flow of blood. The most advanced laser-based treatment is best to cure spider veins. If you experience serious pain, then don’t hesitate from going for the laser-assisted treatment that is minimally invasive. This treatment offers fast recovery and the patient can go back to their daily routine life in 2-3 days.

Home Remedies for spider veins

  • Apple cider vinegar : Apple cider vinegar is a very common and popular remedy to treat spider veins. Acetic acid present in apple cider vinegar improves the blood flow and circulation throughout the body. This decreases the chances of the formation of spider veins and varicose veins. Usually, it is recommended to apply the vinegar directly on the skin. In some cases, people are recommended to dip a piece of cloth in the vinegar and cover the spider veins affected area with it for 15-30 minutes.

  • Tea tree oil : Using tea tree oil is a very successful remedy to combat spider veins. Mix tea tree essential oil with a carrier oil such as coconut oil. Apply this mixture of oil on the spider veins affected skin. Tea tree oil helps in diminishing the spider veins faster. Do not apply the essential oil directly on the area as the concentrated oil can have negative effects on the condition.

  • Aloe vera : Yes, aloe vera is helpful in curing spider veins as well. The cooling effects of aloe vera subside the itching and the burning sensation that spider veins cause in the skin.

  • Lemongrass essential oil: Use this essential oil by mixing with coconut oil. Lemongrass oil enhances blood circulation and prevents the pooling of blood in spider veins.

  • Gentle massage: Massage is very effective on spider veins as it immediately stimulates healthy blood circulation. Gentle massage also brings major relief from the pain and the swelling that occur due to spider veins. Massage should only be performed by a professional therapist and even better by someone who has the experience of treating spider veins.

  • Compression stockings: If spider veins in legs are troubling you, wearing compression stockings is very effective in dealing with them. These stockings prevent the blood from pooling in the spider veins. Wearing compression stockings regularly also keeps away the chances of formation of new spider veins.

Diet for spider veins

  • Avocados : Avocados are great for vascular health and significantly improve the condition of spider veins. Vitamin C present in avocados has anti-inflammatory effects. Avocados are also a rich source of Vitamin E which helps in the thinning of the blood and prevents blood clots.

  • Beets : Beets contain a chemical called betacyanin which keeps the level of homocysteine in check and prevents damage to the blood vessels. Beets also have high contents of nitrates which make the blood vessels wider and improve blood circulation.

  • Asparagus : Asparagus is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, fibers, folates, chromium, calcium, and phosphorus which are essential for overall health. Asparagus also strengthens the blood vessels and prevents them from rupturing.

  • Ginger : Ginger works miraculously in improving the condition of spider veins. Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and also increases the circulation of blood. Ginger is also effective in breaking down fibrin, thereby preventing the veins from becoming hard and lumpy.

  • Chia seeds : Chia seeds are a rich source of dietary fibers. They improve the overall vascular health by boosting blood flow and strengthening the walls of the blood vessels. Thus, chia seeds are beneficial in curing spider veins.

  • Cruciferous vegetables : Broccoli, brussels, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, radish are highly recommended diet options for spider veins. These cruciferous vegetables are nutritious and help in maintaining normal body weight.

  • Fibrous fruits : Fruits like berries, apples, oranges and pears are high in fiber content and are quite beneficial for spider veins. Fibers present in these fruits improve bowel functioning and prevent constipation, which, in turn, prevents further deterioration of spider veins.

Exercises for spider veins

  • Brisk Walk : It is the simplest yet very effective physical exercise that significantly improves spider veins. It stimulates the blood circulation to different parts of the body and prevents the spider veins from getting serious.

  • Running : Running is one of the best leg exercises for spider veins. Running boosts the flow of blood and also strengthens the muscles and heart. Just a 20-minute jog or run every day, and you will start noticing great results.

  • Bicycling : Bicycling is yet another great exercise for spider veins. Bicycling strengthens the calf muscles and provides support to the veins in the legs. Cycling also improves blood circulation and pumps the blood out of the legs.

  • Stretching : Full body stretching must be an integral part of your daily routine. This maintains healthy blood circulation and greatly reduces the risks associated with spider veins. Within a few weeks of stretching, you will notice that spider veins start to diminish.

Complications of spider veins

  • Rupturing of the veins

  • Blood clots (Superficial Vein Thrombosis)

  • Injury caused by bleeding in the veins

Prevention of spider veins

  • Keep your bodyweight in check

  • Stay active and exercise regularly

  • Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight around the leg

  • Limit the consumption of alcohol

  • Avoid sitting or standing continuously for long periods of time

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