Bariatric – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Bariatric surgery is a type of surgery that helps people with obesity to lose weight. It is also called weight loss surgery.

Overview of Bariatric

Bariatric surgery is a term that refers to surgical techniques that help people lose weight by modifying their digestive system. The phrase “bariatric surgery” may refer to a variety of operations, including gastric bypass and other weight reduction surgeries.

Bariatric surgery can be an effective way to help people lose weight, but it is not a cure-all. People who have bariatric surgery still need to make lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly, to maintain their weight loss.

If you are considering bariatric surgery, it is important to talk to your doctor about the potential risks and benefits. Bariatric surgery is a serious procedure, and it is not right for everyone.

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Why Bariatric Surgery is done?

Bariatric surgery is done to help people lose weight. It can also help improve your health and quality of life. The surgery makes changes to your digestive system that limit how much food you can eat and how many nutrients you can absorb. Bariatric surgery is an option if you have severe obesity and haven’t been able to lose weight or keep it off through other methods, such as diet and exercise.

Bariatric surgery might be an option if you have a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or more (severe obesity) and you have obesity-related health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure.

Bariatric surgery is not a quick fix for obesity. It’s a tool that can help you make long-term changes in your eating and exercise habits. You’ll need to be committed to lifestyle changes to lose weight and keep it off. Bariatric surgery is usually done laparoscopically.

Types of Bariatric Sugeries

There are several types of bariatric surgery, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common types are:

Gastric bypass surgery:

It involves creating a small stomach pouch and re-routing the intestine to connect to it. This allows food to bypass the rest of the stomach and small intestine, which reduces the amount of calories absorbed.

Sleeve gastrectomy:

This surgery involves removing a large portion of the stomach, leaving a narrow sleeve. This limits the amount of food that can be eaten and also decreases hunger hormones, leading to weight loss.

Adjustable gastric band:

This type of surgery involves placing a band around the stomach to create a small pouch. The size of the pouch can be adjusted, which helps control how much food is eaten and also leads to weight loss.

Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch:

It involves removing a large portion of the stomach and re-routing the small intestine. This leads to significant weight loss but can also cause nutrient deficiencies and other issues.

Risks associated with Bariatric Sugery are

As with any major procedure, bariatric surgery poses potential health risks, both in the short term and long term.

Short-term risks are those that occur in the first 30 days after surgery. The most common short-term risks associated with bariatric surgery include:

  • Anesthesia-related risks
  • Bleeding and Infection
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Leakage from the stitches holding your incisions together
  • Reactions to medications
  • Heart and Kidney problems

Long-term risks are those that occur after the first 30 days. The most common long-term risks associated with bariatric surgery include:

  • Dumping syndrome
  • Malnutrition
  • Anemia
  • Bone loss and osteoporosis
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Hernias
  • Gallstones

Common myths about Bariatric Surgery

That surgery is the “easy way out.”

Bariatric surgery is a means of long-term weight reduction via a healthy diet and lifestyle. Surgery allows those changes to be implemented in a more permanent manner.

That surgery is a last resort.

Bariatric surgery is the most effective long-term therapy for grade III obesity. Over the longer term, diet and exercise — alone or in combination with drugs — are less successful.

Post-operative care after Bariatric Surgery

During the first year after your operation, you will be seen by your doctor on a regular basis for follow-up appointments and tests. They will perform metabolic blood tests to track how your health is improving and check for any nutritional shortages.

If you’re in good health and have lost a substantial amount of weight after one year, you may wish to talk to your doctor about body contouring choices. Body contouring can aid in the removal of excessive skin folds and the tightening of loose tissues.


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