Uterine fibroids – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention
Uterine fibroids are the unusual muscular outgrowths that grow in a female’s uterus. These uterine fibroids are also called “myomas” or “leiomyomas” and are known to increase the issues related to reproductive health such as fertility issues and complications in pregnancy. Most of the uterine fibroids are benign tumors but they do interfere with pregnancy and cause troubles. A large uterine fibroid can even weigh even more than 20 pounds. So far, the largest fibroid has come out to weigh 140 pounds, which is shockingly heavy.
Causes of Uterine fibroids
The causes of Uterine fibroids include:
- Genetic factors/Family history
- Hormonal imbalance
- High protein diet
- Deficiency of vitamin D
- High blood pressure/hypertension
- Birth control pills
Signs and Symptoms of uterine fibroids
Some of the common symptoms of uterine fibroids are:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding sometimes accompanied by the presence of clots in blood
- Pain and pressure in the pelvic and lower back region
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Menstruation lasts longer than usual (more than a week)
- Difficulty in emptying the bladder
- Pressure or fullness in the lower abdomen region
- Swelling in the lower abdomen
Types of uterine fibroids
- Intramural Fibroids: These are the most common type of fibroids and develop within the muscular uterine wall.
- Subserosal Fibroids: This type of fibroids appears on the outside wall of the uterus. Subserosal fibroids develop a stem connecting them to the uterus are called pedunculated fibroids.
- Submucosal fibroids: This is a rare type of fibroids that bulges into the uterine cavity. Submucosal fibroids develop in the middle muscle layer of the uterus (myometrium).
Diagnosis of uterine fibroids
A gynecologist diagnoses uterine fibroids with the help of pelvic exams and imaging tests. The pelvic exam is carried out to check the size, shape, and condition of your uterus. Your doctor may conduct ultrasounds to look for any internal structures or fibroids in the uterus. Further, a pelvic MRI may be required to get a clearer picture of your uterus, ovaries, and other pelvic organs.
Treatment of uterine fibroids
- Kanchanara Guggulu
- Shigru Guggulu
- Haridra Khand
- Chandraprabha Vati
Surgery for uterine fibroids
- Myomectomy: Myomectomy is a surgical treatment for uterine fibroids which is performed in the case of small and mild fibroids. In myomectomy, the surgeon removes the fibroids, keeping the uterus intact. Depending upon the location of the fibroids, myomectomy can be performed with the help of a laparoscope, hysteroscope, or incisions in the abdomen.
- Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is required when the fibroids are large, severe, and recurrent. In a hysterectomy, the doctor removes either some part or all of the uterus. Partial hysterectomy involves the removal of only the upper part of the uterus while the cervix and other parts remain as it is. In a total hysterectomy, however, the surgeon removes the entire uterus along with the cervix. This is performed when the clusters of fibroids are large and widespread.
Home Remedies for uterine fibroids
- Chasteberry tincture (vitex) : Chasteberry is a very effective remedy for uterine fibroids. Vitex especially cures heavy menstrual bleeding, abdominal cramps, and other symptoms of uterine fibroids. Having 25-30 drops of chasteberry tincture twice a day for 1-2 months can shrink small to medium-sized uterine fibroids.
- Yoga for uterine fibroids : If you perform simple yoga asanas every day, it will prove to be very beneficial for your uterus. Yoga is an amazing remedial effect on the uterine fibroids. Simple yoga asanas such as Baddha Konasana (Bound Angle Pose), Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose), Paschimottanasana (Seated forward bend) are highly recommended for uterine fibroids.
- Green tea: Green tea is a wonderful remedy for uterine fibroids. It is enriched with bioflavonoids that help effectively in shrinking the size and reducing the number of fibroids in the uterus. The anti-inflammatory properties of green tea also flush out the toxic substances from the body and keep the body weight in control.
Diet for uterine fibroids
- Fibrous fruits : Fruits enriched in dietary fibers and fluid content are very healthy for curing uterine fibroids. The fiber helps in eliminating the toxins and the excess estrogen from the body. Apple, banana, orange, guava, and mango are the fruits that you must have if you want to get rid of uterine fibroids. Berries being loaded with antioxidants also aid in curing uterine fibroids. You should include raspberries, strawberries, blueberries in your diet. Apricot, cantaloupe, and pineapple are also very rich anti-inflammatory properties that effectively help in treating uterine fibroids.
- Eggs : Eggs are rich in proteins and omega 3. Eating 1-2 eggs daily promotes the good health of the uterus. Eggs are considered to have healing or repairing properties in the condition of uterine fibroids.
- Vegetables to eat : Spinach, lettuce, cabbage, broccoli, radish, turnip, carrot, kale, and pumpkin have positive effects on uterine fibroids. These vegetables reduce the level of toxins and help in keeping estrogen levels under control. You should also have onions and garlic in your regular diet as they are enriched in antioxidants.
- Whole grains : Whole grains release the excess estrogen from the body. That’s why, whole grains are very beneficial to shrink uterine fibroids. Oats, brown rice, barley, quinoa have healing effects in maintaining uterus health. The whole-grains are high in fibers and hence flush away the toxins out of the body.
Exercises for uterine fibroids
It is not about a particular exercise to follow. You can do any exercises that stretch your entire body and increase the blood flow to the uterus. Regularly exercising will ensure that toxins are eliminated from the uterus, hence very effective in shrinking the fibroids.
Complications of uterine fibroids
- Severe and heavy bleeding
- Twisting of the fibroid
- Blockage in the blood vessels
- Frequent spotting in between periods
- Increased risk of UTIs
- Premature delivery
- Infertility, in rare and extreme cases
Prevention of uterine fibroids
There is no sure shot way to prevent uterine fibroids. But staying active, eating healthy fruits, vegetables, and avoiding excess caffeine can help in reducing the chances of developing uterine fibroids.
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