What Is Galactosemia Cataract And How Can You Prevent It?

What Is Galactosemia Cataract And How Can You Prevent It?

With all the constant advances in technology, some new diseases have popped up. One of these is galactosemia – a rare condition that can cause blindness and other health problems if not taken care of. In this article, learn about what galactosemia cataract is and how you can take steps to prevent them!

What is a Galactosemia Cataract?

What is a Galactosemia Cataract?

Galactosemia occurs when any of the three enzymes involved in the metabolism of galactose are deficient. One of these enzymes can result in cataracts by producing too much galactitol in cells that make up the lens. An ophthalmologist may play an important role since it is possible to identify the disease early and start a diet plan to speedily eliminate cataracts.
Clinicians and laboratory scientists who are concerned about the three enzyme disorders of galactosemia will find this review helpful. They’ll learn about the recent evidence that ties heterozygous galactokinase deficiency to old-age cataracts, and they’ll also learn about the biochemical genetics of each enzyme.
In babies with galactosemia, the symptoms may start as early as within a few days or weeks but are usually not apparent until later on in infancy. The signs and symptoms typically contribute to vomiting, lethargy, fever, poor weight gain, and failure to thrive. Physical findings could include changes in skin color and the appearance of various bodily organs such as erythema, rapid breathing, tenderness, jaundice, and abnormal liver function tests.

What Are The Causes Of Galactosemia Cataracts?

The majority of cases of galactosemia are inherited from your parents. The gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome. If you’re female and your mother has the gene, you have a 50% chance of being affected by galactosemia. If you’re male and your father has the gene, you have a 100% chance of being affected by galactosemia. Enlargement of the baby’s breasts is a common occurrence during pregnancy. Symptoms may include a milky nipple discharge. This secretion is temporary and goes away on its own.
Galactosemia is a disorder that occurs when some of the enzymes involved in metabolizing galactose are not functional or absent. Some of these galactose accumulations can build up and cause cataracts, which can lead to vision loss.
Causes of galactorrhea include:

  • Medications such as female contraceptives, anticonvulsants, antidepressants, and high-blood-pressure drugs
  • Opioid use
  • Herbal supplements such as fennel or fenugreek seeds
  • A noncancerous pituitary tumor (prolactinoma) or other disorder of the pituitary gland
  • Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Frequent breast self-exams with nipple manipulation or prolonged clothing friction
  • Stress

Idiopathic galactorrhea

As the body’s water balance is lost, a condition known as galactorrhea may develop. This is often attributed to those that have high levels of prolactin in their system. The term ‘idiopathic’ means incurable or indefinite and refers to conditions in which medical science has yet to find a diagnosis or cause.

Galactorrhea in men

Men with testosterone deficiency may experience vaginal discharge or galactorrhea. This is often accompanied by breast enlargement and tenderness, along with erectile dysfunction and a lack of sexual desire.

Galactorrhea in newborn

Sometimes, a baby is born with an increased breast size. During pregnancy, the main source of estrogen crosses over into the fetus’s blood and can cause enlargement of breast tissue, which may be associated with discharge. This discharge is temporary and clears on its own. If the discharge remains, it should be evaluated by a doctor.

If you’re suspected to have galactosemia, your doctor will order tests to determine if you have the condition. These tests include an examination of your blood cells and urine samples to check for signs of Gal-1-P production. Treatment depends on the severity of your condition…

How Do You Know If Someone Has Galactosemia?

Galactosemia cataract is a rare genetic disorder that causes the body not to be able to break down galactose sugar. This can lead to severe health problems and even death. There is no cure for galactosemia, but there are ways to prevent it from happening. If you are concerned about someone you know has this condition, the first thing you should do is talk to them about it. Get tested for galactosemia cataract if you think you may have it.
The symptoms of galactosemia usually develop between the ages of 2 and 6 years old. They may include seizures, learning difficulties, and poor growth. In some cases, children with galactosemia do not show any signs or symptoms until they reach adulthood.
Most people recognize the symptoms of cataracts and mental retardation as early as 4 to 8 weeks.
Many different kinds of discharge can happen with a breast lump. Some common ones include:

  • Severe Diarrhea
  • Drowsiness
  • Lethargy
  • Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
  • Irritability
  • Vomiting
  • Poor weight gain
  • Persistent or intermittent milky nipple discharge
  • Absent or irregular menstrual periods
  • Headaches or vision problems

Can Galactosemia Cause Blindness?

Lactose intolerance in infants has been linked to several health problems. The most severe involves galactosemia, which involves damage to cells caused by galactose or lactose. This can cause blindness, impaired brain development, and even death. Galactosemia typically appears within the first few weeks of birth.


Some of these complications include:

  • Cataract
  • Brain damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Bone density reduced
  • Ovarian failure in females
  • Speech difficulties


There is no specific way to prevent galactosemia cataracts. However, taking steps to avoid inheriting the disorder from your parents is one way to lower your risk of developing galactosemia cataracts. Good dietary choices can help limit your exposure to high levels of galactose sugar in foods. Also, if you are at risk for developing the condition due to a mutation in your GALT gene, having regular blood tests will help ensure that you receive proper care and treatment.

Galactosemia is a genetic disorder where the body cannot break down galactose, a sugar found in milk, dairy products, and other foods. This can lead to problems with brain development and growth, heart health, and more. If you’re at risk for galactosemia, there are some things you can do to prevent it from happening. Other products that may also contain it are legumes, organ meats, and some food items. Soy-based or meat-based formulas for infants are alternatives.
Read on for tips on how to stay safe and healthy!
If your baby is experiencing discomfort from galactose, doctors suggest removing them from the diet immediately and watching for other symptoms. Other medications, including sorbinil, have shown to be useful in preventing and reversing it as well.

Someone with galactosemia must avoid foods that contain milk and dairy products, such as:

  • cow’s milk
  • butter
  • yogurt
  • cheese
  • ice cream
  • milk products from other animals, such as goats, sheep, and camels.

Some people with galactosemia may also need to avoid certain legumes, organ meats, and some other foods. These include:

  • beans.
  • kidney beans.
  • black beans.
  • chickpeas.
  • lentils.
  • pinto beans.
  • peanuts.
  • tree nuts (such as almonds, Brazil nuts, and pistachios).

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to avoiding these foods, but some tips for limiting your intake include: reading food labels carefully and checking for specific words that indicate a product contains galactose, such as “milk,” “dairy,” or “cheese.” If you’re unsure if a food contains galactose, it’s best to avoid it.
If you are pregnant or breastfeeding and have questions about whether a particular food is safe for you or your baby, consult your healthcare provider.


Galactosemia is a genetic disorder that causes the body not to be able to properly break down galactose, a sugar found in milk, yogurt, and other dairy products. This can lead to complications during infancy, including growth delays, cognitive impairment, and even death. Thankfully, there are ways that you can protect yourself from this disorder and prevent it from happening in the first place. Make sure to get your child screened for galactosemia cataracts as soon as possible. They can start treatment early on and have a better chance at having a healthy life.
To manage any associated health conditions, it’s best to consult a doctor in the appropriate discipline. For example, speech disorders may be handled by a speech therapist, a surgeon may manage life-threatening disorders, and a surgeon may remove Galactosemia cataracts.

Cataract surgery is a safe and painless procedure. At MantraCare we have a team of experienced eye surgeons, who will be happy to answer any questions on cataract surgery. Call us at +91-9711116605 for any inquiries.