What Every Parent Needs To Know About Cataracts In Children

childhood cataract

If you are a parent, it is important that you know about cataracts in children. Cataracts are a common eye problem that can occur in both adults and children. In this blog post, we will discuss the symptoms of cataracts in children, how they are treated, and what you can do to prevent them from developing. We hope that this information will help you keep your child’s eyes healthy and vision clear!

Are Cataracts Common In Children?

Are Cataracts Common In Children?

Yes, cataracts in children are more common than many people realize. Cataracts can occur at any age, but they’re most often seen in older adults. However, the congenital form of cataract — which is present at birth —Around 7,000 to 9,000 cases of childhood cataracts are detected in India every year. Cataracts can also develop later in childhood, typically due to an injury or eye diseases, such as glaucoma or diabetes.

What Are The Symptoms Of Cataracts In Children?

The symptoms of cataracts in a child vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Symptoms may include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Poor night vision
  • Hazy or cloudy vision
  • Double vision in one eye

In more severe cases, cataracts may cause the appearance of a white or grey spot in the pupil of the eye. If your child displays any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek medical advice from an ophthalmologist.

How Are Cataracts Diagnosed In Children?

Childhood Cataract

Your doctor will diagnose cataracts in your child by performing a comprehensive eye exam. This may include an ophthalmoscope, which is an examination of the inside of your child’s eyes using a special magnifying lens. Your doctor may also use other tests to measure vision, such as visual acuity tests and tonometry tests.

What Treatments Are Available For Cataracts In Children?

If your child’s cataract interferes with their vision, surgery is usually the recommended treatment. The goal of surgery is to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear artificial lens. Surgery can be done on one or both eyes, depending on your child’s condition. In some cases, glasses or contact lenses may also be prescribed to help improve vision.

What Can I Do To Prevent Cataracts In My Child?

Unfortunately, there is no sure way to prevent cataracts from occurring in children. However, protecting their eyes from injury and limiting exposure to ultraviolet light may help reduce the risk. Additionally, it’s important to keep your child up-to-date with regular eye exams, as early detection and treatment can help improve vision and prevent further damage.

By understanding more about cataracts in children, you can take steps to monitor your child’s vision health and seek prompt medical treatment if needed. If you have any questions or concerns, be sure to consult with your child’s doctor or ophthalmologist. With the right care and attention, you can help ensure your child has the best vision possible.

Is It Better To Remove Cataracts Early?

Early removal is usually the best option when it comes to cataracts in children. Cataracts can cause vision loss if left untreated, and this can interfere with a child’s physical and cognitive development. Surgery typically has better results in younger patients due to their eye tissue being more pliable. Additionally, some studies have suggested that earlier removal of cataracts can reduce the risk of long-term complications, including glaucoma and amblyopia (lazy eye). Therefore, if your child has been diagnosed with cataracts or shows symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away. Your ophthalmologist can determine the best treatment plan for your child, which may include cataract-removal surgery.

What Are The Risks Of Cataract Removal In Children?

Risks Of Cataract Removal In ChildrenCataract removal is generally considered to be a safe procedure; however, as with any medical intervention, there are some risks involved. Possible complications associated with this type of surgery include:

  • Infection
  • Inflammation of the eye
  • Retinal detachment
  • Bleeding
  • Vision loss

It is also important to note that most of these risks are rare, and the overall success rate of cataract removal in children is high. That said, it is important to discuss all potential risks with your ophthalmologist before making any decisions regarding your child’s treatment plan.

How Can Parents Help Their Child Cope With A Cataract Diagnosis?

Receiving a diagnosis of cataracts in your child can be overwhelming. It is important to remember that there are still treatment options available and that the prognosis is generally very good. Parents should also keep in mind that it may take time for the effects of the surgery to be apparent, so patience is key. Additionally, it can be helpful to talk with your child about their diagnosis and treatment plan in a way they are able to understand. Lastly, if your child needs additional support or counselling during this process, there are many resources available that can help.


In conclusion, cataracts in children can be effectively treated with cataract-removal surgery. However, it is essential to discuss the risks and potential benefits of this procedure with your ophthalmologist before making any decisions. Parents should also remember to take care of themselves and provide their children with emotional support during this time. With early treatment, most children have a very good prognosis and can continue to live a normal, healthy life.

Finally, it is important for parents to be aware of the signs and symptoms of cataracts in children so they are able to seek medical help immediately if their child shows any signs of vision loss. These can include blurred vision, difficulty seeing in dim light, difficulty distinguishing colours, or squinting. Early detection and treatment of cataracts can greatly increase the chances of a successful outcome for your child.

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