What Is Phacoemulsification: Things You Should Know

What Is Phacoemulsification: Things You Should Know

If you wear glasses or contacts, then you have probably heard of the term “phacoemulsification.” But what does it mean? Phacoemulsification is a surgical procedure used to remove cataracts from the eye. It is a relatively new procedure and has been gaining in popularity in recent years. In this blog post, we will discuss what phacoemulsification is, and some of the things you should know before undergoing the surgery.

What Is Phacoemulsification?

What Is Phacoemulsification?Phacoemulsification, often shortened to phaco, is a type of cataract surgery used to remove a person’s cataracts. This procedure uses ultrasound energy to break up the hard lens of the eye (cataract) into tiny pieces that can then be easily and safely removed from the eye. It is often a surgery type that is recommended for people with cataracts. Because it is safe and effective, and typically requires only a short recovery period.

Many people are familiar with traditional cataract surgery, where the surgeon makes an incision in the eye and then manually removes the lens. Phacoemulsification is a much more advanced procedure that requires specialized equipment and training for its use.

If you are considering having cataract surgery, your ophthalmologist will discuss the different options available to you. Many times phacoemulsification is recommended because it offers a number of benefits compared to traditional cataract surgery.

How Is It Performed?

Phacoemulsification is performed in an operating room setting with a special magnifying lens, called a microscope. During the procedure, an anesthetic eye drop is used to numb the area around the eye. Then, a tiny incision is made in the side of the cornea and a thin, hollow needle is inserted.

This instrument breaks the cataract into tiny pieces and then uses ultrasound energy to emulsify it, allowing it to be sucked out of the eye. Once the lens has been removed, an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) may be implanted in order to improve vision.

In simple words, the procedure of this surgery is to break the cataract into pieces by using ultrasound energy and a hollow needle and then suck it out of the eye. As a result, an intraocular lens is inserted in its place to improve vision.

All in all, it is a simple and straightforward procedure that has improved the lives of many people with cataracts. Phacoemulsification is a safe and effective method that can provide excellent outcomes in the right hands!

Is Phacoemulsification Painful?

When you’re considering having surgery, there’s a natural concern about whether or not it will be painful. In the case of Phacoemulsification, the procedure does involve using a local anesthetic to minimize any discomfort. But the procedure is performed so quickly and efficiently, that most patients report very little discomfort.

More often, patients report feeling mild pressure in the eye. The anesthesiologist or surgeon will always check with you during the operation to make sure that any discomfort is kept to a minimum. So it is very safe and rarely causes any pain.

What Are The Benefits?

There are several benefits to this type of surgery. A few of the many benefits include:

  • Less invasive: It is considered a less invasive procedure than other types of cataract surgeries. It requires only small incisions which reduce the risk of infection and reduce post-operative pain.
  • Shorter recovery time: The recovery period for phacoemulsification is shorter compared to traditional methods, allowing you to return to your daily activities sooner.
  • Better vision: The procedure can help improve your vision, reducing the need for glasses or contact lenses.
  • Less risk of damage to other parts of the eye: Since only a small incision is made, there is less risk of damaging other parts of the eye such as the lens capsule and cornea.
  • More precise: This method of cataract removal is more precise due to the use of ultrasound technology. This results in less tissue damage, meaning a better outcome for you.

These are generally the most significant advantages of phacoemulsification, but there are other reasons why it might be the best option for cataract removal. And this can be discussed with your doctor. Ultimately, the decision should be based on individual factors and preferences. Be sure to consult with an ophthalmologist before making a decision about cataract surgery.

What Are Some Risks And Complications?

What Are Some Risks And Complications?Though it is generally a safe procedure, there are still some risks and complications associated with phacoemulsification. Some of the more common risks include:

  • Infection: It is possible for bacteria to enter the eye and cause an infection. This can be prevented by taking antibiotics and other precautions.
  • Corneal abrasion: The cornea can become scratched or irritated as a result of the surgery, causing vision problems.
  • Retinal detachment: This is when the retina becomes detached from the back of the eye, resulting in vision loss. To prevent this, doctors may recommend that a retinal detachment be surgically repaired.
  • Swelling: In some cases, swelling can occur after the procedure. This is usually temporary and should subside with medication or other treatments.
  • Cataract recurrence: It’s possible for a cataract to come back after it has been removed. Regular eye exams are recommended in order to monitor for any signs of recurrence.

Overall, phacoemulsification is a safe and effective procedure for removing cataracts. It is important to discuss any concerns or questions about the procedure with your doctor before deciding to undergo it. Additionally, following all instructions and taking precautions can help reduce the risks and complications of phacoemulsification.

How Long Does Phacoemulsification Last?

Phacoemulsification is a common type of cataract surgery that typically takes about 10 to 15 minutes. The length of the procedure can depend on specific details, such as how much time is needed for eye numbing, how much tissue needs to be removed from the eye, and other factors. After it’s done, most people find that the results last for a long time, even years.

But the eye is an area of the body that is constantly changing, so it’s important to receive regular checkups with an ophthalmologist. This way, any problems can be detected and addressed early on.

You should always remember that phacoemulsification is a major, invasive procedure that should only be done with the guidance and care of an ophthalmologist. Taking proper steps to ensure the surgery goes smoothly can help you achieve the best outcome possible.


To conclude, phacoemulsification might be a relatively new procedure in the ophthalmology world, but it has already made a great impact. This minimally-invasive procedure helps surgeons to safely and accurately remove cataracts while preserving the structure of the eye and reducing recovery time.

It is important to discuss your candidacy for this surgery with your doctor before making any decisions. With proper care, the results of this innovative procedure can be incredibly successful. Phacoemulsification might just be the answer to getting your vision back to optimal levels!

Cataract surgery is a safe and painless procedure. At MantraCare we have a team of experienced eye surgeons, who will be happy to answer any questions on cataract surgery. Call us at +91-9711116605 for any inquiries.